9. Names of the territories and peoples

9.1. Names of territories

Since the text in the stones primarily refers to the territory of Egypt, we find the name of Egypt most frequently, not only when the whole territory of Egypt has to be inscribed, but also the names of Upper and Lower Egypt respectively.

In original the name of Egypt is the following:

This name comes from the analysis of the pharaoh's order written in the last line in demotic text, in the part which gave the territories where, in the corresponding temples of certain gods, the stone was to be placed.

The name of Egypt in ancient Greek is АIГYПТОN.
The name of Upper Egypt in original is:
The name of Lower Egypt in original is:

It is known that the Mouth of the Nile is in Lower Egypt. In the original the term is the following:

The findings that the term Узе [uze] in ancient Macedonian is today pronounce УСТИЕ [ustie], comes directly from the analysis of the last line in the text. In the order which mentions the gods in whose temples the stone with the decree by Ptolemy V Epiphany Eucharist had to be placed, i.e. in ancient Macedonian НајЖeВеНе ТојьБогаМо ДиВеЈeИ ьПоТоЛ НаШиВеЈь (The Immortal He Whom the Gods Admire from the town on stone built, as today we would say) it says that one of them is the God Snake Of Uze. It is generally accepted that the God Snake was the God of the Nile Delta, i.e. of its mouth.

The word па [pa](equivalent to English well) in the ancient Macedonian was used in linking constructions when numbering before an article in the sequence being stated. An example for this is giving the scripts in which the decree was to be written, in the last line, where before the script of the Alive Masters there is the linking construction и на пајь [i na pai] (equivalent to English as well as). The term understood in this way, read from right to left as ЃьПа [gjьpa], denotes Upper Egypt.

In order to prove that our assertion is correct, that the terms ЃьЗе and ЃьПа in ancient Macedonian match the terms Lower Egypt and Upper Egypt respectively, a thorough analysis was conducted of the places in the text where in the ancient Greek text these two parts of ancient Egypt are mentioned, and a comparison was made with the places where the two previously mentioned terms were found in the ancient Macedonian text. For instance, the following is written in the 12th line of the demotic text for the terms Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt:      

(equivalent in English
Lower and Upper Egypt)

which completely corresponds with the mention of Upper Egypt and Lower Egypt in the ancient Greek text.

9.2. Names of peoples

In the analyzed text, while stating the names of the pharaoh's ancestors, in the 22nd line of the middle text of the stone, the peoples whom they ruled are also mentioned. After the name of the Philopator (НьШе Же НајЅеИто [nьshe zhe naidzeito] - И Нашиот НајСветол [i nashiot naisvetol] (Equivalent in English - And Our Most Bright), for the peoples whom he ruled was written in the original:

еНаПьЃаН     о    еВьЈаНаД На

which means in today's Macedonian
[na danajtsive i na gjuptsite].

Equivalent in English
To the Danai (the Greeks) and to the Gypsies).

After the names of Eurgetai (ЖеЉу Пе ИМе [zelju po ime] - Добродетел [dobrodetel] - (Equivalent in English Benefactor)) and Adelphoi (ЅеВо [dzevo] - Светол [svetol]

(Equivalent in English Bright) for the peoples whom they ruled was written in the original

which means in contemporary Macedonian
[na danajtsive i na egipetskite danajtsi i na gjuptsite],

Equivalent in English
To the Danai (the Greeks),
To the Egyptian Danai (the Egyptian Greeks) and To the Gypsies).

It is interesting to consider the third ethnic group besides the Danai and the Gypsies, i.e. the Egyptian Danai. This means that besides the Danai ethnic group on the Balkans at the time of the first ruler from the Ptolemy dynasty, there existed a separate danai entity on the territory of Egypt. Toward the end of the 11th line in the demotic text this entity is mentioned in the original as:

In English this denotes the Danai from Upper Egypt, by which their territory was determined.